Eco-centric Myths and Deep Ecology in Sangay Wangchuk’s Seeing with the Third Eye

  • Tshering Om S
  • Sayan Dey


The word myth comes from the ancient Greek word mythos and it refers to a form of speech or narration. Bhutan’s unique eco-centric myths and senses of deep ecology serve as main factors in preserving the natural environment and as a result, two-thirds of the country is under forest cover. Knowledge of deep ecology and animistic beliefs in myths reveal a deeper affinity to understand the natural landscape, reinforce the harmonious human-nonhuman relationship, and treat the natural landscape with deep respect. However, due to the increasing external forces of technology, western perspectives, and globalisation, myths continue to function as old-time stories for societies. Sangay Wangchuk’s Seeing with the Third Eye interrogates the external forces by upholding Bhutan’s eco-centric myths and ethics of deep ecology through the conservation of natural biodiversity. Based on these perspectives, this article explores the intertwining relationship between local eco-centric myths of Bhutan and deep ecology. The article also proposes an integrative approach of eco-centric myths and deep ecology as a model towards human-nature collaborative and co-creative existence. Furthermore, by juxtaposing scientific evidence, the article strives to prove the significant impacts of eco-centric myths and deep ecology in the conservation of the earth’s biodiversity.
Keywords: myth, animistic beliefs, deep ecology, green capitalism, biodiversity.