Al-Fatāwā al-‘Ālamgīriyyah

Ḥanafī Legal Code of the Mughal Empire

  • Muhammad Zubair Abbasi Associate Professor, Shaikh Ahmed Hassan School of Law, Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS), Pakistan/Chevening Fellow, Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies, Oxford University, United Kingdom
Keywords: Aurangzēb ‘Ālamgīr, Ḥanafī school, legal code, codification, legal practice, procedural law


Al-Fatāwā al-‘Ālamgīriyyah is a significant contribution of Indian Muslim jurists to the corpus of the Ḥanafī school. It was a compendium of the Ḥanafī authoritative rulings. At the behest of the Mughal Emperor, Aurangzēb ‘Ālamgīr, a board of jurists from various parts of India worked jointly to produce this compendium of Ḥanafī fiqh. It closely followed the Ḥanafī legal tradition by adopting the scheme of chapters of the famous Ḥanafī treatise, the Hidāyah and contributed to the legal literature by including various chapters on legal practice and procedural law. The analysis of the contents of al-Fatāwā al-‘Ālamgīriyyah and contemporary historical evidence suggests that it performed the functions of a legal code in the historical context in which it was compiled though it was not the exclusive source of legal norms in the administrative structure of the Mughal Empire.

How to Cite
Abbasi, M. Z. (2020). Al-Fatāwā al-‘Ālamgīriyyah: Ḥanafī Legal Code of the Mughal Empire. ISLAMIC STUDIES, 59(4), 451-475. Retrieved from