Demystifying Riba through the Methodology of Muslim Jurists

  • MUHAMMAD ZAHID SIDDIQUE Assistant Professor, School of Social Sciences & Humanities (S3H), National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • MUHAMMAD MUSHTAQ AHMAD Director General/Associate Professor, Shariah Academy, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Keywords: riba, interest, loan, bay‘, Islamic economics, Islamic legal theory, financial regulations of Islam.


In the post-colonial world when Muslims tried to restructure their public life in accordance with the shari‘ah, they developed a new discipline known as Islamic economics one of the central constructs of which is prohibition of riba. Unfortunately, the discussion among modern academic circles assumed a wrong methodology, which resulted in mystification of this concept and, hence, in a number of unsettling questions. This paper explains the nature of the mistake committed by modern Muslim scholars and economists. It also outlines the structure of correct methodology, which was laid down by premodern Muslim jurists for understanding the concept of riba and all other legal terms. The paper develops a consistent analytical framework for addressing majority of the questions on the subject of riba and attempts to rectify the mystification created around this concept.

How to Cite
SIDDIQUE, M. Z., & AHMAD, M. M. (2019). Demystifying Riba through the Methodology of Muslim Jurists. ISLAMIC STUDIES, 58(2), 169-203. Retrieved from