The Fiqh of Coronaviruses

Towards an Islamic Biocentric Approach to COVID-19

  • Abdul Kabir Hussain Solihu Professor, Department of Religions, History, and Heritage Studies, Faculty of Arts, Kwara State University, Malete, Kwara State, Nigeria.
Keywords: Covid-19, Coronavirus, One Health, Environmental ethics, Biocentric ethics


COVID-19, a disease caused by a novel coronavirus, is widely believed to have originated in animals. In the Islamic worldview, animals, including those suspected to be reservoirs of coronavirus or other zoonotic viruses, are divine creations, guided by divine command and sustained through divine provisions. Based on content analysis of relevant literature in environmental sciences, humanities and social sciences, I provide an Islamic religious understanding (fiqh) of certain ecological functions and ecosystem services that support life on earth but could also be deleterious to humans, to contribute to the discourse on biocentric environmental ethics from an Islamic perspective. The biocentric environmental ethics I advanced is framed on the One Health approach to zoonotic diseases in which human health is intractably linked with the health of animals and ecosystems. The study concludes that the breakout of zoonotic diseases is often a result of the breakdown of ecological barriers precipitated by human actions.


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How to Cite
Solihu, A. K. H. (2024). The Fiqh of Coronaviruses: Towards an Islamic Biocentric Approach to COVID-19. Islamic Studies, 63(1).