Mohamed Shukri’s Contribution to Islamic Thought in Sri Lanka

A Critical Study

  • Mohamed Zacky Associate Member, Centre for Civilizational Dialogue, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • Md. Moniruzzaman Associate Professor, Department of International Relations, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, UAE.
  • Mohamed Hassan Manager, Academy for Development, Research and Training (ADRT), Naleemiah Institute of Islamic Studies, Beruwala, Sri Lanka.
Keywords: Mohamed Shukri, Sufism, Sri Lanka, Muslims, Islamic thought.


Mohamed Shukri (1940-2020) left a permanent mark on the trajectory of Islamic thought in contemporary Sri Lanka. This paper explores his contribution to Islamic thought in the local context. Following the thematic analysis method, this paper finds that Shukri attempted to develop a comprehensive critique of the philosophical foundations of modern scientism and enlightenment rationalism. For that purpose, Shukri instrumentalized Islamic spiritual thought or Sufism, arguing that the modernist onto-epistemological and ethical concepts do not permit a human being to experience the unseen realities and the spiritual world. Shukri’s perception of the implications of this philosophical reductionism in the domain of contemporary social sciences, humanities, and ethics is also considered. In addition, the paper notes that Shukri supported projects that foster the harmonious relationship between religious traditions by deploying shared philosophical perspectives. However, he stressed that the differences between those traditions also must be respected. Finally, this paper emphasizes that these Shukri’s scholarly discourses predominantly manifest a critical re-emergence of revisionist Islamic spiritual thought in post-colonial Sri Lanka, which stood as a check on the smooth penetration of modernist ideas within the local Muslim community.


Anes, M. S. M. “Ilangayil Islamiyya Panpattu Sindanayku Kalanizy Shukriyin Ariwu Pangalippuhal.” May 23, 2020.

Anes, M. S. M. AMA Azeez. Colombo: Kumaran Book House, 2009.

Anes, M. S. M. Tharkela Islamiya Sindhanai. Colombo: Kumaran Book House, 2007.

Hasbullah, S. H. “Dr. Shukri Writes for All: A Review of Selected Essays.” May 19, 2020.

Hourani, George. Reason and Tradition in Islamic Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, n.d.

Hussianmiya, B. A. “Dr. Shukri’s Demise Leaves a Huge Void in Islamic Learning.” May 23, 2020.

Mahroof, M. M. M. “Sir Sayed Ahmad Khan and Allama Iqbal in Sri Lanka.” Iqbal Review 34, no. 1 (1993): 9-11.

Mazahir, S. M. M., A. R. Aroos, and M. M. A. Abdullah. “Shukri’s Contribution for Arabic and Islamic Studies in Higher Education in Sri Lanka: An Evaluative Study.” In Arabic and Islamic Studies in Sri Lankan Higher Education, edited by S. M. M. Mazahir, R. A. Sarjoon, and M. C. S. Shathifa, 175-226. Oluvil: Faculty of Islamic Studies and Arabic Language, 2021.

Mckinley, Alexander, and Merin Shobhana Xavier. “The Mysteries of the Universe: Tamil Muslim Intellectualism of M. C. Siddi Lebbe.” South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies 41, no. 1 (2018): 5-10.

Mihlar, F. “Religious Change in a Minority Context: Transforming Islam in Sri Lanka.” Third World Quarterly 40, no. 12 (2019): 6-7.

Mohamed, Agar. “Dr. Shukri: A Multidimensional Personality.” n.d.

Mohamed, Dheen. “Dr. MAM Shukri: An Intellectual We Lost.” Times-online. May 21, 2020.

Numan, M. A. Sri Lankan Muslims: Ethnic Identity within Cultural Diversity. Colombo: International Centre for Ethnic Studies, 2007.

Shukri, M. A. M. “Al-Israwum Al-Mirajum: Oru Kannottam.” Islamiya Sindhanai 9, no. 2 (1987): 32-39.

Shukri, M. A. M. “Al-Quraniya Aaywu Murayum, Metkatheya Aaywu Murayum.” Islamiya Sindhanai 22, no. 1 (1999): 18-24.

Shukri, M. A. M. “AMA Azeez’s Contribution to Education and Scholarship.” June 1, 2020.

Shukri, M. A. M. “Cultural Relationship between Islam and Hinduism.” June 16, 2015. http: //

Shukri, M. A. M. “Dialogue between Muslims-Buddhists: A Reflection.” July 9, 2015. http: //

Shukri, M. A. M. “Ibn Taimiyyawin Tasawwuf Kotpedu.” Islamiya Sindhanai 9, no. 3 (1987): 19-27.

Shukri, M. A. M. “Ilakkiyam Patrya Islamiya Kotpedu.” Islamiya Sindhanai 4, no. 2 (1982): 29-37.

Shukri, M. A. M. “Islamiya Algiyalum, Metkatheya Alagiyalum oru oppedu.” Islamiya Sindhanai 22, no. 3 (2000): 11-15.

Shukri, M. A. M. “Islamiya Araiwu Parampariyam.” Octobar 25, 2016.

Shukri, M. A. M. “Islamiya Arasiyal Kotpadu: Oru Pozu Nooku.” Islamiya Sindhanai 13, no. 1 (1990): 45-50.

Shukri, M. A. M. “Islamiya Kalvi Tathuwam.” Islamiya Sindhanai 7, no. 3 (1985): 16-32.

Shukri, M. A. M. “Islamiya Nokkil Aeywu.” Islamiya Sindhanai 20, no. 4 (1998): 12-17.

Shukri, M. A. M. “Islamiya Olukkawiyal Kotpadu.” Islamiya Sindhanai 5, no. 4 (1983): 28-41.

Shukri, M. A. M. “Islamiya Sattathin Sirapiyalpuhal.” Islamiya Sindhanai 3, no. 2 (1981): 32-39.

Shukri, M. A. M. “Islamiya Sulaliyalum.” Islamiya Sindhanai 17, no. 3 (1995): 10-18.

Shukri, M. A. M. “Islamiya Varalatru Tathuwam.” Islamiya Sindhanai 1, no. 3 (1979): 22-34.

Shukri, M. A. M. “Islamiyya Panpadum, Nagarehamum.” Islamiya Sindhanai, 3, no. 1 (1980): 52-53.

Shukri, M. A. M. “Metkatheya Ulawiyalum, Islamiya Ulawiyalum: Oru Oppedu.” Islamiya Sindhanai 25, no. 4 (2003): 13-21.

Shukri, M. A. M. “Punarnimanam Patriya Iqbalin Karuthukal: Sila Awazanagal.” July 7, 2015.

Shukri, M. A. M. “The Mystical Doctrine of Abū Ṭālib al-Makkī as It Found in His Book Qūt al-Qulūb.” PhD diss., The University of Edinburgh, UK, 1976.

Shukri, M. A. M. “Thoughts of Moulānā Rūmī.” December 21, 2021.

Shukri, M. A. M. Mazamum Ariwiyalum. Beruwela: Al-Kalam Publishers, 1994.

Shukri, M. A. M. Tasawwuf: Islathin Aathmeha Parimanam. Beruwela: Naleemiah Bureau of Islamic Publications, 2022.

Shukri, M. A. M. The Mind’s Eye. Beruwela: Naleemiah Institute of Islamic Research, 2012.

Vijaya, Samaraweera. “Aspects of Muslim Revivalist Movements in the Late Nineteenth Century.” In Muslims of Sri Lanka: Avenues to Antiquity, edited by M. A. M. Shukri, 369-72. Colombo: Naleemiah Institute, 1986.

How to Cite
Zacky, M., Moniruzzaman, M., & Hassan, M. (2022). Mohamed Shukri’s Contribution to Islamic Thought in Sri Lanka: A Critical Study. ISLAMIC STUDIES, 61(3), 273-291.