The Concept of Taklif according to Early Asharite Theologians
AbstractThe purpose of this paper is to explore the concept of taklif, its meaning, and related discussions in the early Muslim theology, focusing on the Asharite and Mutazilite views. The discussion here does not attempt to provide an exhaustive approach to the issues raised. Instead, it aims to provide a brief as well as lucid overview of the discussion. Taklif as it has been underlined by Gimaret, refers to at least three types of discussion. First, how do we know the obligations, which God has imposed upon us? Second, why does God impose obligations upon us? Third, can God oblige humans to do the impossible? The paper explores the concept of taklif as elaborated by early Asharite theologians and compares their views with those of Mutazilites.
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