Economic Ideas of Ibn ‘Abidin: A Legal Analysis
AbstractIbn ‘Abidin was among the most distinguished scholars of ╓anafi School of jurisprudence in the early nineteenth century, replica of early great scholars of Islamic jurisprudence. He assigned great importance to current urf or local custom in solving new problems or even in adopting new solutions based on old customs. He added isti╖na‘(commission to manufacture) and bay‘ al-wafa’ (loan sale) among the contracts which had been permitted due to urf so as to remove hardship. He criticised the government’s imposition and collection of oppressive taxes and recommended a sound policy of taxation based on the principles of economy, convenience and certainty. Fluctuation in the value of money was a serious problem of his time, one that had disturbed the of buyers-sellers relation and naturally affected the volume of trade. While he discussed the impact of devaluation of money on trade, he did not try to find out economic factors and consequences responsible these fluctuations nor did he take them into account while exploring their rules. His opinions on bay al-wafa’, sukarah (insurance/security), isti╖na‘ and bay‘ al-salam (prepaid forward sale) are frequently referred in modern Islamic economic discussions.
Publication of material in the journal means that the author assigns copyright to Islamic Studies including the rights to electronic publishing. This is, inter alia, to ensure the efficient handling of requests from third parties to reproduce articles as well as to enable wide dissemination of the published material. Authors may, however, use their material in other publications acknowledging Islamic Studies as the original place of publication. Requests by third parties for permission to reprint should be addressed to the Editor, Islamic Studies.