General Principles of Islamic Law about Combatant Status: From Sharḥ Kitāb al-Siyar Al-Kabīr

  • Muhammad Rafeeq Shinwari Visiting Faculty in Department of Law, in Faculty of Shariah and Law, International Islamic University, Islamabad


This paper discusses more than fifty principles and rules concerning the combatant that are employed by Imām Shaybānī and Imām Sarakhsī in Shar kitā al-Siyar al-Kabīr. Initially, certain rules in respect of theoretical aspect of the discussion, that is, qawā‘id uūliyyah, are embarked upon then the legal maxims of Islamic law, expounded by anafī jurists, are mentioned. The paper strives to reproduce the maxims in exact wordings and phrases of the great authors; however, slight changes, that are very rarely, took place according to the needs.