Modern Application of the Sharī‘ah Maxim “In Contracts Objectives are Considered not Words” to Financial Transactions

  • Muhammad Asad Visiting Faculty Member, Faculty of Shariah and Law, International Islamic University, Islamabad.


This research explains modern application of the sharī‘ah maxim “In contracts objectives are considered not words” to financial transactions. According to this maxim, intentions and objectives play an essential role in the legitimacy of contracts, because the validity of contracts depends on the intentions and objectives of the contractor. For this reason, classical Muslim jurists paid special attention to the above-mentioned maxim while interpreting and deriving legal rules of Islamic financial law. Moreover, they solved many legal matters based on the said maxim. This research work also elaborates modern financial transactions, which relate to this maxim. The method of discussing such issues is to examine the facts of a matter and then decide about its legal status in light of the Qur’ān, the sunnah of the Prophet (peace be on him), and the opinions of Muslim jurists.


Legal Maxim, Intentions, Objectives, Contract, Financial Matters