• Lal Muqaddar khan University of Haripur
  • Umbreen Ishfaq University of Haripur
  • Tehseen Tahir University of Haripur
  • Muhammad Saeed Khan University of Haripur


Textbooks are the only available teaching learning material in most schools of Pakistan. Moreover according to Mahmood (2010), in Pakistan, textbooks are used in the classrooms without knowing their usefulness. Consequently it is needed to evaluate the textbooks which we are using in our classrooms. This study aimed to analyze the role of Pakistan Studies' textbooks at secondary level published by Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Textbook Board Peshawar in promotion of patriotism. The contents of Pakistan Studies’ textbooks at secondary level about patriotism were analyzed with the help of a questionnaire. All the 130 Public Sector Higher Secondary Schools & High Schools (77 male and 53 female) and 8531 students (3732 girls and 4799 boys) of 10th class at district Haripur were considered as population of the study. Stratified random sampling technique was used to select 40 public sector high and higher secondary schools of district Haripur. From each school one teacher and ten students were obtained. Data were collected by a questionnaire from teachers and students of 10th class. Questionnaire was developed according to the objectives of the study. Almost nine indicators for patriotism were probed. There were five responses for respondents i.e. agree, strongly agree, undecided, disagree and strongly disagree. Questionnaire was distributed among 40 Pakistan Studies teachers teaching at the schools and 400 students of 10th class. Data collected on the basis of five point-scales were analyzed by using percentage and mean. Results of the study concluded that contents of Pakistan Studies Textbooks promoted patriotism, democratic values, human rights, freedom of thoughts, peace in society, tolerance, national development however the content lacks the contribution of national heroes and sense of responsibility and dutifulness.

Author Biographies

Lal Muqaddar khan, University of Haripur
Department of Education
Umbreen Ishfaq, University of Haripur
Assistant Professor, Department of Education
Tehseen Tahir, University of Haripur
Assistant Professor, Department of Education
Muhammad Saeed Khan, University of Haripur
Assistant Professor, Department of Education


Bloom, J. (2006). Selected concepts of curriculum. retrieved from www.jeff

Faizi, W. N. (2010). The reflection of Islamic values in the compulsory subjects of social sciences at secondary (IX-X) level in Karachi (Unpublished doctoral thesis), Jinnah University for Women, Karachi.

Hashmi, R. S. (2014). Ethnic politics: An issue to National integration (The case of Pakistan). A Research Journal of South Asian Studies, 29(1), 345-361.

Jupri, R. (1994). Malaysian teachers’ evaluation of form one (KBSM) English textbooks: A comparative analysis (Master’s thesis, University of Essex). Retrieved from

Khan, I. (2012). A critical analysis of Pakistan studies curriculum (Unpublished doctoral thesis), University of Peshawar.

Lawrence, W. P. W. (2011). Textbook evaluation: A framework for evaluating the fitness of the Hong Kong new secondary school (NSS) curriculum (Unpublished Master of Arts thesis), City University of Hong Kong.

Mahmood, K. (2010). Developing alternate criteria for the evaluation of textbooks (Unpublished doctoral thesis), Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad.

Ministry of Education (1959). Report of the Commission on National Education 1959. Islamabad, Pakistan: Author.

Ministry of Education. (1998). National Education Policy 1998-2010. Islamabad: Planning and Policy Wing.

Ministry of Education. (2006). National Curriculum for Pakistan Studies Grades IX-X. Islamabad, Pakistan.

Mukundan, J. (2007). Evaluation of English language textbooks: Some important issues for consideration. Journal of NELTA, 12(1&2), 80-84.

Nathanson, S. (1989). In defense of moderate patriotism. Ethics. (99), 535-552.

Primoratz, I. (2015). Patriotism. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from /entries/patriotism/

Print, M. (1993). Curriculum development and design. Australia: Alien & Unwin.

Rashid, M. (2004). Allied material of curriculum development and instruction. M.Ed code 838 (7th ed.). Islamabad: Allama Iqbal Open University.

Sarem, S. N., Hamidi, H., & Mahmoudie, R. (2013). A critical look at textbook evaluation: A case study of evaluating an ESP course book: English for international tourism. International Research Journal for Applied and Basic Sciences, 4(2), 372-380. Retrieved from

Shahid, S. M. (2000). Curriculum development. Lahore: Majeed Book Depot.

Tomlinson, B. & Masuhara, H. (2004). Developing Language Course Materials. Singapore: SEAMEO Regional Language Centre.

Valverde, G. A., Bianchi, L. J., Wolfe, R. G., Schmidt, W. H., & Houang, R. T. (2002). According to the book, using TIMSS to investigate the translation of policy into practice through the world of textbooks. Docdrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.