ROLE OF PAKISTAN STUDIES TEXTBOOK IN PROMOTING PATRIOTISM AT SECONDARY LEVEL
Textbooks are the only available teaching learning material in most schools of Pakistan. Moreover according to Mahmood (2010), in Pakistan, textbooks are used in the classrooms without knowing their usefulness. Consequently it is needed to evaluate the textbooks which we are using in our classrooms. This study aimed to analyze the role of Pakistan Studies' textbooks at secondary level published by Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Textbook Board Peshawar in promotion of patriotism. The contents of Pakistan Studies’ textbooks at secondary level about patriotism were analyzed with the help of a questionnaire. All the 130 Public Sector Higher Secondary Schools & High Schools (77 male and 53 female) and 8531 students (3732 girls and 4799 boys) of 10th class at district Haripur were considered as population of the study. Stratified random sampling technique was used to select 40 public sector high and higher secondary schools of district Haripur. From each school one teacher and ten students were obtained. Data were collected by a questionnaire from teachers and students of 10th class. Questionnaire was developed according to the objectives of the study. Almost nine indicators for patriotism were probed. There were five responses for respondents i.e. agree, strongly agree, undecided, disagree and strongly disagree. Questionnaire was distributed among 40 Pakistan Studies teachers teaching at the schools and 400 students of 10th class. Data collected on the basis of five point-scales were analyzed by using percentage and mean. Results of the study concluded that contents of Pakistan Studies Textbooks promoted patriotism, democratic values, human rights, freedom of thoughts, peace in society, tolerance, national development however the content lacks the contribution of national heroes and sense of responsibility and dutifulness.
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