Exploring the Effectiveness of Learning Theories in Improving Students’ Learning Skills at University Level

  • Sakina Jumani PhD Scholar, Department of Education, Iqra University, Karachi
  • Prof. Dr. Parveen Munshi Vice Chancellor, University of Sufism and Modern Sciences (USMS), Bhitshah
  • Dr. Rozina Sewani Assistant Professor, Iqra University, Gulshan Campus, Karachi


Learning theories concentrate on the mental and behavioral processes involved in learning, such as problem solving, critical thinking, and decision making. Learning theories play a critical role in the learning process as these provide a method for students to acquire knowledge and skills by interacting with their surroundings and their cognitive abilities. The purpose of this study was to explore the effectiveness of learning theories in improving students’ learning outcomes at the university level. The nature of the study was descriptive. The population of the study included university students enrolled in various disciplines. The sample of the study was comprised of 165 university students. Survey questionnaire was used as research tool. The survey questionnaire included statements about familiarity, preferences, and perceived effectiveness of different learning theories. Data were analyzed using statistical techniques; frequency and percentages for responses related to perceptions of learning theories. Findings showed that exposure to various learning theories have positively influenced students’ engagement and interest. Therefore, it is suggested to promote student-centered learning environments that encourage active participation, critical thinking, and application of knowledge, aligning with the principles of effective learning theories.

Keywords: Effectiveness, Learning Theories, Cognitive, Learning Outcomes