The following ethical guidelines are obligatory for all author(s) violations of which may result in application of   penalties  by  the  editor,  including  but  not  limited to  the  suspension or revocation of publishing privileges.

Reporting Standards

  • It is the author(s)' responsibility to ensure that   the   research   report   and   data   contain adequate detail and references to the sources of information in order to allow others to reproduce
  • Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior

Originality & Plagiarism

  • It is the author(s)' responsibility to ascertain that s/he   has submitted an entirely original work, giving due credit, by virtue of proper citations, to the works and/or words of others where they have been used.
  • Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is not
  • Material quoted verbatim from the author(s)' previously published work or other sources must be placed in quotation
  • In case the manuscript has a similarity index of more than 19%, it will either be rejected or left at the discretion of the Editorial Board for the purposes of a conditional.


  • Authors are required to provide an undertaking/declaration stating   that   the   manuscript under consideration contains solely their original work that is not under consideration for publishing in any other journal
  • Authors may submit a manuscript previously published in abstracted form, for g. in the proceedings of an annual meeting, or in a periodical with limited circulation and availability such as reports by the Government agencies or a University.
  • A manuscript that is co-authored must be accompanied by an undertaking explicitly stating that each author has contributed substantially towards the preparation of the manuscript in order to claim the right to authorship.
  • It is the responsibility of the corresponding author that s/he has ensured that all those who have substantially contributed to the manuscripts have been included in the author list and they have agreed to the order of.

Multiple, Redundant and Current Publication

  • Authors should not submit manuscripts describing essentially the same research to more than one journal or publication except it is a re-submission of a rejected or withdrawn
  • Authors may re-publish previously conducted research that has been substantially altered or corrected using more meticulous analysis or by adding more data.
  • The authors and editor must agree to the secondary publication, which must cite the primary references and reflect the same data and interpretation of the primary
  • Concurrent submission of the same manuscript to more than one journal is unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Acknowledgement of Sources

  • A paper must always contain a proper acknowledgment of the work of others, including clear indications of the sources of all information quoted or offered, except what is common knowledge.
  • The author(s) must also acknowledge the contributions of people, organizations, and institutes who assisted the process of research, including those who provided technical help, writing assistance, or financial funding (in the acknowledgment).
  • It is the duty of the author(s) to conduct a literature review and properly cite the original publications that describe closely related work.

Authorship Credit

  • Authorship of the work may only be credited to those who have made a noteworthy contribution in conceptualization, design, conducting, data analysis, and writing up of the
  • It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to include the name(s) of only those co-authors who have made significant contributions to the work.
  • The corresponding author should ensure that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication. Others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research should be acknowledged for their contribution in an "Acknowledgement" section.

Privacy of Participants

  • Authors must respect the privacy of the participant of the research and must not use any information obtained from them without their informed consent.
  • Authors should ensure that only information that improves understanding of the study is shared.
  • Authors must ensure that in instances where the identity of the participant needs to be revealed in the study, explicit and informed consent of the concerned party is obtained.
  • In the case of the demise of a participant, consent must be obtained from the family of the deceased.

Data Access and Retention

  • If any question arises about the accuracy or validity of the research work during the review process, the author(s) should provide raw data


  • The author(s) should ensure that images included in an account of the research performed or in the data collection as part of the research are free from manipulation,
  • The author(s) must provide an accurate description of how the images were generated

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

  • The potential and relevant competing financial, personal, social, or other interests of all author(s) that might be affected by the publication of the results contained in the manuscript must be conveyed to the editor.
  • The author(s) should disclose any potential conflict of interest at the earliest possible stage, including but not limited to employment, consultancies, honoraria, patent applications/registrations, grants, or other
  • All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed alongside a   brief overview of the role played if any by the responses during various stages of the research.

Manuscript Acceptance and Rejection

  • The review period can last between 1-2 months or longer and during this period the author(s) reserve the right to contact the Editor to ask about the status of the review.
  • Once the review process has been completed, the author will be informed about the status of the manuscript which could either be an acceptance, rejection or In the case of rejection, the author(s) reserves the right to publish the article elsewhere.
  • In case of revisions, the author(s) must provide an exposition of all corrections made in the manuscript and the revised manuscript should, then, go through the process of affirmation of revisions and be accepted or rejected accordingly.
  • In case of dissatisfaction over the decision of rejection, the author can appeal the decision by contacting the Editor.


The editors welcome submissions of research papers based on original and new research ideas in the proper English language that have not been submitted elsewhere for publication. The manuscripts would only be considered that follow the journal’s format. The manuscripts would only be considered that follow the journal’s format. Instructions for authors are given below;

Title Page

It must contain the following information:

  • Title of research paper (Type the title centered, capitalize keywords, double-spaced)
  • Author/Coauthor name, email address, and Contact number
  • Institution detail

Research Paper (without author identification)

The research paper contains the following:
i) Abstract

The abstract is a brief (150-250 words) comprehensive summary of the research. The word “Abstract” is centered as the first line of type on this page. Type the abstract as a single paragraph in block format (i.e., without paragraph indentation). The abstract contains the research topic, objectives, participants, methods, data analysis technique/s, and key findings.

Write a list of keywords from your research paper at the end of the abstract. Type Keywords: (italicized) and then list your keywords.

ii) Introduction

The introduction is the level one heading of the research paper.  The introduction of the topic will set the stage for explaining the research. It should clearly present the purpose of the study and give a general overview of the main research question and kind of proposed study.  The introduction may include the following level two headings:

    • Objectives of the Study/Research Questions/Hypothesis
    • Significance of the Study
    • Delimitations of the study (if any)

iii) Literature Review

Discuss the literature related to the study.  This section is designed to inform readers about past studies that have already been conducted and provides perspectives on your area of interest.  The review should include a brief discussion of any “classical studies” in this area, if appropriate, but the major portion of the content should focus on the past decade of research.  It should close with a logical summary of past research and transition to a statement about what should be studied next.  After you present what is already known, make your case for your research either answering a new question, getting a new answer to an old question, answering a question about a new population, etc. After you have made your case that your research is going to give new information, you will summarize the major points.  Remember that the introduction discusses the problem.  The review of literature should concentrate on solutions (those that exist, those that are still required. Moreover, the latest and updated researches should be included in the literature review.

iv) Research Methodology

Introduce the general methodology that was used for your study. You should ensure that your research methodology has been designed properly and that all the elements required have been considered.

Research Methodology may include the following subheadings

    • Research Design
    • Population
    • Sample and sampling Techniques
    • Instrumentation
    • Data collection

v) Data Analysis and Interpretation

Mention the data analysis technique and interpret the data accordingly.

vi) Discussion and Conclusion

This section discuss the findings of data in light of other studies.

vii) Recommendations

Give practical recommendations based on data analysis.
viii) References

Follow APA 7th Edition for referencing style.

 General document guidelines are as follows

  • The manuscript should consist of 3000-5000 words and all text must be single-spaced.
  • The text is typed in font size 12, Times New Roman.
  • Main headings are 12 bold, centered and subheading are having a font of 12 bold at left.
  • Use the page margin of 1 inch on all sides on the A4 size paper
  • Indent all paragraphs 5-7 spaces or .5".
  • All pages are numbered in consecutive order using Arabic numerals. The page numbers should be centered in the footer of the page.
  • Justify the text (align on both sides your margins).
  • A plagiarism check will be done on the research paper and the allowed limit is less than 15%.  Self-plagiarism is also not allowed.
  • Charts, graphs, photographs, diagrams, etc., are called figures and should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals.  The figure caption is placed below the figure.

·         Tables should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals. The number and title of the table are centered above the table. In the text, refer to tables by their number: e.g. as shown in Table 8, ………., do not write "the table above" (or below) or "the table on page 32," because the position and page number of a table cannot be determined until the pages are typeset.


A book review is a description, critical analysis, and evaluation of the quality, meaning, and significance of a book. It should focus on the book’s purpose, content, and authority. It is a reaction paper in which the strengths and weaknesses of the material are analyzed. It should include a statement of what the author has tried to do, evaluates how well (in the opinion of the reviewer) the author has succeeded and presents evidence to support this evaluation.

The following may be included in the book review:

1.      Write a statement giving essential information about the book: title, author, first copyright date, type of book, general subject matter, special features (maps, color plates, etc.), price, and ISBN.

2.      State the author’s purpose in writing the book. Sometimes authors state their purpose in the preface or the first chapter. When they do not, you may arrive at an understanding of the book’s purpose by asking yourself these questions:

a)      Why did the author write on this subject rather than on some other subject?

b)      From what point of view is the work written?

c)      Was the author trying to give information, to explain something technical, to convince the reader of a belief’s validity by dramatizing it in action?

d)     What is the general field or genre, and how does the book fit into it?

e)      Who is the intended audience?

f)       What is the author’s style? Is it formal or informal? Evaluate the quality of the writing style by using some of the following standards: coherence, clarity, originality, forcefulness, correct use of technical words, conciseness, the fullness of development, fluidity. Does it suit the intended audience?

g)      See the Table of Contents, it can help understand how the book is organized and will aid in determining the author’s main ideas and how they are developed – chronologically, topically, etc.

h)      How did the book affect you? Were any previous ideas you had on the subject changed, abandoned, or reinforced due to this book? How is the book related to your own course or personal agenda? What personal experiences you’ve had relate to the subject?

i)        How well has the book achieved its goal?

j)        Would you recommend this book or article to others? Why?

3.      Explain the method of the development-the way the author supports the thesis. Illustrate your remarks with specific references and quotations. In general, authors tend to use the following methods, exclusively or in combination.

a)      Description: The author presents word pictures of scenes and events by giving specific details that appeal to the five senses, or to the reader’s imagination. Description presents background and setting. Its primary purpose is to help the reader realize, through as many sensuous details as possible, the way things (and people) are, in the episodes being described.

b)      Narration: The author tells the story of a series of events, usually presented in chronological order. In a novel, however, chronological order may be violated for the sake of the plot. The emphasis in narration, in both fiction and non-fiction, is on the events. Narration tells what has happened. Its primary purpose is to tell a story.

c)      Exposition: The author uses explanation and analysis to present a subject or to clarify an idea. The exposition presents the facts about a subject or an issue as clearly and impartially as possible. Its primary purpose is to explain.

d)     Argument: The author uses the techniques of persuasion to establish the truth of a statement or to convince the reader of its falsity. The purpose is to persuade the reader to believe something and perhaps to act on that belief. The argument takes sides on an issue. Its primary purpose is to convince.

4.      Evaluate the book for interest, accuracy, objectivity, importance, thoroughness, and usefulness to its intended audience. Show whether the author’s main arguments are true. Respond to the author’s opinions. What do you agree or disagree with? And why? Illustrate whether or not any conclusions drawn are derived logically from the evidence. Explore issues the book raises. What possibilities does the book suggest? What has the author omitted or what problems were left unsolved? What specific points are not convincing Relate the book to larger issues?

5.      If relevant, make note of the book’s format – layout, binding, typography, etc. Are there maps, illustrations? Do they aid understanding?

6.      Summarize, analyze, and comment on the book’s content. State your general conclusions. List the principal topics, and briefly summarize the author’s ideas about these topics, main points, and conclusions. Use specific references and quotations to support your statements.