IJITL on Google Scholar
ISSN (P): 2664-2247
ISSN (E): 2520-0003
The editors welcome submissions of research papers based on original and new research ideas in the proper English language that have not been submitted elsewhere for publication. The manuscripts would only be considered that follow the journal’s format. The manuscripts would only be considered that follow the journal’s format. Instructions for authors are given below;
Guidelines for Research Paper
It must contain the following information:
Research Paper (without author identification)
The research paper contains the following:
The abstract is a brief (150-250 words) comprehensive summary of the research. The word “Abstract” is centered as the first line of type on this page. Type the abstract as a single paragraph in block format (i.e., without paragraph indentation). The abstract contains the research topic, objectives, participants, methods, data analysis technique/s, and key findings.
Write a list of keywords from your research paper at the end of the abstract. Type Keywords: (italicized) and then list your keywords.
The introduction is the level one heading of the research paper. The introduction of the topic will set the stage for explaining the research. It should clearly present the purpose of the study and give a general overview of the main research question and kind of proposed study. The introduction may include the following level two headings:
iii) Literature Review
Discuss the literature related to the study. This section is designed to inform readers about past studies that have already been conducted and provides perspectives on your area of interest. The review should include a brief discussion of any “classical studies” in this area, if appropriate, but the major portion of the content should focus on the past decade of research. It should close with a logical summary of past research and transition to a statement about what should be studied next. After you present what is already known, make your case for your research either answering a new question, getting a new answer to an old question, answering a question about a new population, etc. After you have made your case that your research is going to give new information, you will summarize the major points. Remember that the introduction discusses the problem. The review of literature should concentrate on solutions (those that exist, those that are still required. Moreover, the latest and updated researches should be included in the literature review.
iv) Research Methodology
Introduce the general methodology that was used for your study. You should ensure that your research methodology has been designed properly and that all the elements required have been considered.
Research Methodology may include the following subheadings
v) Data Analysis and Interpretation
Mention the data analysis technique and interpret the data accordingly.
vi) Discussion and Conclusion
This section discuss the findings of data in light of other studies.
Give practical recommendations based on data analysis.
Follow APA 6th Edition for referencing style.
General document guidelines are as follows
· Tables should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals. The number and title of the table are centered above the table. In the text, refer to tables by their number: e.g. as shown in Table 8, ………., do not write "the table above" (or below) or "the table on page 32," because the position and page number of a table cannot be determined until the pages are typeset.
GUIDELINES FOR BOOK REVIEW
A book review is a description, critical analysis, and evaluation of the quality, meaning, and significance of a book. It should focus on the book’s purpose, content, and authority. It is a reaction paper in which the strengths and weaknesses of the material are analyzed. It should include a statement of what the author has tried to do, evaluates how well (in the opinion of the reviewer) the author has succeeded and presents evidence to support this evaluation.
The following may be included in the book review:
1. Write a statement giving essential information about the book: title, author, first copyright date, type of book, general subject matter, special features (maps, color plates, etc.), price, and ISBN.
2. State the author’s purpose in writing the book. Sometimes authors state their purpose in the preface or the first chapter. When they do not, you may arrive at an understanding of the book’s purpose by asking yourself these questions:
a) Why did the author write on this subject rather than on some other subject?
b) From what point of view is the work written?
c) Was the author trying to give information, to explain something technical, to convince the reader of a belief’s validity by dramatizing it in action?
d) What is the general field or genre, and how does the book fit into it?
e) Who is the intended audience?
f) What is the author’s style? Is it formal or informal? Evaluate the quality of the writing style by using some of the following standards: coherence, clarity, originality, forcefulness, correct use of technical words, conciseness, the fullness of development, fluidity. Does it suit the intended audience?
g) See the Table of Contents, it can help understand how the book is organized and will aid in determining the author’s main ideas and how they are developed – chronologically, topically, etc.
h) How did the book affect you? Were any previous ideas you had on the subject changed, abandoned, or reinforced due to this book? How is the book related to your own course or personal agenda? What personal experiences you’ve had relate to the subject?
i) How well has the book achieved its goal?
j) Would you recommend this book or article to others? Why?
3. Explain the method of the development-the way the author supports the thesis. Illustrate your remarks with specific references and quotations. In general, authors tend to use the following methods, exclusively or in combination.
a) Description: The author presents word pictures of scenes and events by giving specific details that appeal to the five senses, or to the reader’s imagination. Description presents background and setting. Its primary purpose is to help the reader realize, through as many sensuous details as possible, the way things (and people) are, in the episodes being described.
b) Narration: The author tells the story of a series of events, usually presented in chronological order. In a novel, however, chronological order may be violated for the sake of the plot. The emphasis in narration, in both fiction and non-fiction, is on the events. Narration tells what has happened. Its primary purpose is to tell a story.
c) Exposition: The author uses explanation and analysis to present a subject or to clarify an idea. The exposition presents the facts about a subject or an issue as clearly and impartially as possible. Its primary purpose is to explain.
d) Argument: The author uses the techniques of persuasion to establish the truth of a statement or to convince the reader of its falsity. The purpose is to persuade the reader to believe something and perhaps to act on that belief. The argument takes sides on an issue. Its primary purpose is to convince.
4. Evaluate the book for interest, accuracy, objectivity, importance, thoroughness, and usefulness to its intended audience. Show whether the author’s main arguments are true. Respond to the author’s opinions. What do you agree or disagree with? And why? Illustrate whether or not any conclusions drawn are derived logically from the evidence. Explore issues the book raises. What possibilities does the book suggest? What has the author omitted or what problems were left unsolved? What specific points are not convincing Relate the book to larger issues?
5. If relevant, make note of the book’s format – layout, binding, typography, etc. Are there maps, illustrations? Do they aid understanding?
6. Summarize, analyze, and comment on the book’s content. State your general conclusions. List the principal topics, and briefly summarize the author’s ideas about these topics, main points, and conclusions. Use specific references and quotations to support your statements.